The immunological benefits of breast-feeding are enormous to the developing child. Breast-feeding not only can help prevent the development of food allergies, it also is vitally important in protecting against enterovirus and rotavirus infections and promotes the proper gut microflora. It makes good sense to breast-feed babies because they become healthier, suffer fewer illnesses, and have higher IQs as their brains seem to develop faster. A child should be breast-fed for at least 6 months. Long-term breast-feeding may lower some women’s risk of getting breast cancer.
When it’s time for the baby to begin to eat solid food, parents should introduce foods slowly to ensure that the baby can tolerate the food. It is recommended that parents introduce vegetables before fruits in order to condition the taste-buds at an early age to enjoy vegetables. Proper infant nutrition may include:
- Breast milk until 6 months of age
- Introduce only one new food at a time
- Give very small amounts of any new food
- Use a very thin consistency when starting solid foods
- Never force an infant to eat more of a food than he/she takes willingly
- Check that the temperature of the food is neither too hot nor too cold
- Try to vary the diet
Reducing your intake of nitrates means making sure your drinking water does not contain nitrates as well as avoiding smoked or cured meats. The intake of nitrates from water or from cured or smoked meats is linked to a significantly increased risk of cancers, especially the major childhood cancers such as; leukemia, lymphomas, and brain cancers.
If you are allergic to a food, the white blood cells migrate in large numbers to the mucous membranes and the lining of the intestinal track in which they then release allergic and inflammatory compounds in an attempt to kill the false invader. Many nutritionally oriented physicians perform blood tests to diagnose food allergies. It is recommended that patients try a simple elimination diet first to see if their symptoms improve.
Cyclic allergies develop slowly and result from repeatedly eating a certain food, especially if a leaky gut is present. In cyclic food allergies, after the allergenic food is avoided for a period of 3 to 4 months, it may be reintroduced. Fixed allergies occur whenever a food is eaten, no matter how much time has passed. Individuals with fixed allergies are usually allergic to the food for life.
There are five key supplements to prevent type 1 diabetes:
1. A high-potency multiple vitamin and mineral formula
2. Fish oil supplements
a. Children: cod-liver oil (starting at 6 months of age)
b. Adults: high-quality supplement (wild-caught salmon oil, DHA/EPA concentrate, or cod-liver oil)
3. Flavonoids such as grapeseed extract
4. Probiotics which is a “friendly” bacterial
One of the most crucial functions of vitamins and minerals is in the manufacture of enzymes, the molecules that trigger and control chemical reactions. Flavonoids are sometimes considered “semi-essential.” They are also referred to as “nature’s biological response modifiers” because of their anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, antiviral, and anticancer properties. The most commonly used flavonoid supplements are citrus bioflavonoids, quercetin, grapeseed and pine bark extracts, and green tea extracts. Citrus bioflavonoids are the most widely used and least expensive flavonoid sources. They are also the least active. One of the most beneficial groups of flavonoids is the proanthocyanidins.
Both green tea and black tea are derived from the same plant, Camellia sinensis. Although green tea is healthier, four times as much black tea is produced and consumed as green tea. Green tea contains compounds called polyphenols that have high levels of therapeutic activity, including anticancer activity. The difference in the two teas is that to produce black tea, the leaves are allowed to oxidize. Green tea is produced by lightly steaming the fresh-cut leaf. Steaming prevents the enzymes from converting polyphenols, so oxidation does not take place. The major polyphenols in green tea are flavonoids, the most active of which is epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). The forms of cancer that appear to be best prevented by green tea are cancers of the gastrointestinal tract, including cancers of the pancreas, stomach, small intestine, and colon; and lung, breast, and prostate cancer.
The term probiotics literally means “for life.” Probiotic preparations are available in powder, liquid, capsule, and tablet form. A relatively new probiotic product called Innersync may prove even more beneficial than other probiotics in boosting Bifidobacteria levels. The most important healthful bacterial are Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum. Bifidobacteria are especially important in protecting against enterovirus, coxsackievirus, and rotavirus infection.
“The figure illustrates the aspects of the immune response that have been targeted in type 1 diabetes (T1D; yellow text boxes). To date, therapies have been designed to target innate and adaptive immune responses that are thought to contribute to T1D pathology. Successful clinical trials have used: rituximab, which depletes B cells; cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen–immunoglobulin (CTLA4–Ig) fusion protein, which blocks the delivery of CD80 and CD86 co-stimulatory signals to T cells; or CD3-specific monoclonal antibodies, which deplete T cells88, 93, 138, 139, 140, 141. Anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) with glucocorticoids or autologous bone marrow transplant has also been successful4, 178, 179. However, therapies that have involved administration of autoantigens (for example, glutamate decarboxylase 2 (GAD2)), targeting of T cells with immunosuppresive agents (for example, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), daclizumab (DZB) or blocking pro-inflammatory cytokines (for example, anti-interleukin-1 (IL-1) reagents) have not had beneficial effects87, 88, 93, 138, 140, 141, 142, 143. A trial of rapamycin and IL-2 had a negative effect on patients who showed a transient decline in C peptide responses146. A trial using treatment with heat-shock protein 60 (HSP60), which is thought to enhance regulatory T (TReg) cell functions by signalling via Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), has shown a beneficial effect on C peptide responses107. A pilot trial of a soluble tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor (etanercept) resulted in lower blood glucose levels and increased insulin production in patients180. In a trial of avoidance of cows’ milk, a reduced rate of new autoantibody formation was seen, but the mechanisms of this effect are not clear.”
Part 4: Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
Recommended reading: How to Prevent and Treat Diabetes with Natural Medicine (Michael Murray, N.D., Michael Lyon, M.D.)