Tennis elbow occurs when you damage the tendons that connect the muscles of your forearm to your elbow. The pain may spread down your arm to your wrist.Tendinitis can affect the inner or outer elbow. The most common symptom of tennis elbow is pain on the outside of the elbow. The cause of tennis elbow injuries can result from overuse or making aggressive twist. Repeated movements that involve twisting of the elbow can cause small tears in the tendon, which then weakens it. Overuse depends on how hard or how long you do something.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can show problems in soft tissues such as tendons and muscles.The most important part of treatment is to rest the tendons. A long rest from aggravating activity allows the small tears in the tendon to heal. You can also take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including aspirin or ibuprofen.
Keep in mind that corticosteroid injections are not pain relievers. They reduce inflammation. When corticosteroids relieve pain, it is because they have reduced inflammation. Corticosteroid injections can help relieve pain for only a short period of time. When your pain is gone, start doing stretching and strengthening exercises. You should then gradually increase these exercises and learn the correct techniques and which equipment is best for your activities. The treatment of tennis elbow should be directed at both the tennis elbow as well as the underlying cause. Hypnotherapy may provide effective relief for pain associated with tennis elbow. Some other possible options for treatment may include:
- Body Therapy
- Mind-Body Medicine
- Acupressure Therapy
- Exercise Therapy
- Massage Therapy
- Herbal Therapy
By taking lessons to learn the proper technique for sports, such as tennis and golf that require grasping and twisting motions in the arm, you can prevent tennis elbow. Other ways to prevent tennis elbow include:
- Try to stay in good physical shape.
- Using the correct techniques and movements during activities.
- Using equipment appropriate for your ability, body size, and body strength.
- Not overusing your arm with repeated movements that can injure your tendon.
- Strengthening the muscles of your arm, shoulder, and upper back to help take stress off of your elbow.