CAUSES –Neuralgia is a sharp, shocking pain that follows the path of a nerve. It is due to irritation or damage to the nerve. Postherpetic neuralgia and trigeminal neuralgia are the two most common forms of neuralgia. In many cases, the primary cause of neutralgia is unknown. Some of the causes may include:
- Certain drugs
- Chemical irritation
- Chronic renal insufficiency
- Viral infections
TREATMENT – Treatment varies depending on the cause, location, and severity of the pain, and other factors. The goal of treatment is to reverse or control the cause of the nerve problem (if found), and provide pain relief. Medications to control pain may include; analgesics for short-term relief of severe pain (however, these do not always work well), anti-seizure medications (carbamazepine, phenytoin), and topical creams containing capsaicin.
Alternative therapies that include B-complex vitamins, a diet high in protein, carbohydrates and fats as well as acupuncture have also been successful in the treatment of neuralgia. Herbal and homeopathic remedies and tissue salts are very effective for treating neuralgia and nerve damage.
PREVENTION – For some types of neuralgia, it is best to sit, stand, and lift items properly. Consultation with a trained therapist can help you in determining the best options of treatment; i.e., body work therapies.