CAUSES – Painless inflammation, swelling of the gums, redness, and possibly bleeding is a sign of gingivitis. This can also be related to inadequate plaque removal from the teeth at the gum line. If plaque is not removed through brushing and dental appointments, it can harden and turn to tartar. This can then lead to increased bleeding of the gums which will then become a disease known as periodontitis. This can cause bone and lose of teeth.
TREATMENT – For gums that are mildly swollen and red, use a tartar-control toothpaste that contains fluoride and an antiseptic mouthwash, such as Listerine, or a mouthwash that contains fluoride. You should brush your teeth after meals and snacks and floss every day. For plaque removal, you need to schedule an appointment with your dentist. Your dentist can provide you with doxycycline or a chlorhexidine-based mouth-wash.
PREVENTION – Prevention starts with Keeping your teeth and gums healthy. To keep your gums healthy, it requires good nutrition and regular brushing and flossing. To avoid a tooth or gum problem:
- Brush your teeth twice a day, in the morning and before bedtime. Floss once a day.
- Use a toothpaste that contains fluoride.
- Avoid foods that contain a lot of sugar. Sugar helps plaque grow
- Schedule regular trips to the dentist.
- Do not smoke or use other tobacco products because it decreases your ability to fight gum infection and delays healing.