CAUSES – The influenza virus changes often. By having the flu caused by one strain does not give you protection from other strains of the flu. The flu is caused by influenza viruses A, B and C. There are different strains of the flu virus every year. The virus can spread from one person to another direct contact (shaking hands), someone might sneeze on you, or contact through objects that someone with flu has touched.
TREATMENT – For the most part, people can treat flu symptoms at home. Home treatment can include plenty of rest, drinking plenty of fluids, and taking medicine to lower your fever. It is best to start taking medicines within 2 days of the first symptoms.
PREVENTION – By getting the flu vaccine every year, you can help prevent getting the flu. It is best to get the vaccine as soon as it’s available. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that everyone 65 and older should get a flu vaccine. Other preventative measures someone can take are:
- By giving up smoking, you can improve your respiratory tract.
- If your partner has the flu, avoid sleeping in the same room with them.
- If you have touched objects that may be contaminated by someone who has the flu, wash your hands often.
- Wear clothes that will keep you warm and dry.