CAUSES – An obvious sign of fainting is unconsciousness.
TREATMENT – Help the person, if possible, who has fallen to the ground to minimize injury. You can stimulate the person (talking loudly, briskly tapping the individual). Call 911 immediately if the person does not respond. Check for a pulse and administer CPR, if needed. Once the individual recovers, encourage him/her to lie down until medical help arrives. Ask about any persistent symptoms, such as headache, back pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, weakness, or loss of function, because these may indicate a life-threatening cause of the fainting.
PREVENTION – Depending on the cause and the severity of the fainting spell, preventive measures can be taken. By taking simple precautions, fainting can sometimes be prevented. If you faint in hot heat or rooms, the solution is simple: Try to avoid heated rooms. If you’re standing and you get up from a lying down position, try to move slowly when standing up.