CALCIUM – RDA: adults, 800 mcg; pregnant women and young adults, 1,200 mcg

It is essential for the growth and maintenance of bones and teeth.  It enables muscles, including your heart, to contract; it is essential for normal blood clotting, proper nerve-impulse transmission, and connective-tissue maintenance.  It keeps blood pressure normal and may reduce the risk of heart disease; taken with vitamin D, it may lessen the risk of colorectal cancer.  It helps prevent rickets in children and osteoporosis.

CHLORIDE – EMDR: adults, 750 mg

It works with sodium and potassium to help maintain the proper distribution and pH of all bodily fluids and encourage healthy nerve and muscle function. Chloride alone, contributes to digestion and waste elimination.

CHROMIUM – EMDR: adults, 50 mcg to 200 mcg

It works with insulin to regulate the body’s use of sugar and is essential to fatty-acid metabolism.

COBALT – RDA/EMDR: not established

Helps form red blood cells and maintain nerve tissue.  It also stimulates growth of the thyroid gland and may lead to the overproduction of red blood cells, a disorder known as polycythemia.

COPPER – EMDR:  adults, 1.5 mg to 3 mg

Copper’s many functions include; helping to form hemoglobin in the blood; facilitating the absorption and use of iron so red blood cells can transport oxygen to tissues; assisting in the regulation of blood pressure and heart rate; strengthening blood vessels, bones, tendons, and nerves; promoting fertility; and ensuring normal skin and hair pigmentation.

FLUORIDE – EMDR: adults, 1.5 mg to 4 mg

It is required for healthy teeth and bones. It helps to form the tough enamel that protects teeth from decay and cavities, and increases bone strength and stability.

IODINE – RDA: adults, 150 mcg; pregnant women, 175 mcg

It has been known to prevent and treat goiter – enlargement of the thyroid gland. Iodine influences nutrient metabolism; nerve and muscle function; skin, hair, tooth, and nail condition; and physical and mental development.

IRON – RDA: adults, 10mg; premenopausal women, 15 mg; pregnant women, 30 mg

Iron is found in hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen from the lungs to body tissues. It is the component of myoglobin, a protein that provides extra fuel t muscles during exertion.

MAGNESIUM – RDA: adults, 350 mg; women 200 mg; pregnant women, 320 mg

It is essential for healthy bones and teeth, reduces the risk of developing osteoporosis, and may minimize the effects of existing osteoporosis.

MANGANESE – EMDR: 2.5 mg to 5 mg

Used for the proper formation and maintenance of bone, cartilage, and connective tissue; it contributes to the synthesis of proteins and genetic material; it helps produce energy from foods; it acts as an antioxidant; and it assists in normal blood clotting.

MOLYBDENUM – EMDR: adults, 75 mcg to 250 mcg

It helps generate energy, process waste for excretion, mobilize stored iron for the body’s use, and detoxify sulfites – chemicals used as food preservatives.  It is also essential to normal development of the nervous system.

PHOSPHROUS – RDA: adults over 25 years old, 800 mg; young adults and pregnant women, 1,200 mg

It is essential for bone formation and maintenance.  It stimulates muscle contraction and contributes to tissue growth and repair, energy production, nerve-impulse transmission, and heart and kidney function.

POTASSIUM – EMDR: adults, 2,000 mg

It helps to maintain fluid distribution and pH balance and to augment nerve-impulse transmission, muscle contraction, and regulation of heartbeat and blood pressure.  It is also required for protein synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, and insulin secretion by the pancreas.

SELENIUM – RDA: men, 70 mcg; women, 55 mcg; pregnant women, 65 mcg

It protects the cells and tissues from damage wrought by free radicals.  It supports the immune function and neutralizes certain poisonous substances such as cadmium, mercury, and arsenic that may be ingested or inhaled. 

SODUIM – EMDR: adults, 500 mg

It maintains fluid distribution and pH balance; with potassium, it also helps control muscle contraction and nerve function.

SULFUR – RDA/EMDR:  not established

It assists in metabolism as a part of vitamin B1, biotin, and vitamin B5; helps regulate blood sugar levels as a constituent of insulin; and helps regulate blood clotting.  Also converts some toxic substances into nontoxic ones that can then be excreted and therefore is used to treat poisoning from aluminum, cadmium, lead, and mercury.

VANADIUM – RDA/EMDR: not established

May lower blood sugar levels in some people and inhibits tumor development, and therefore may protect against diabetes and some forms of cancer. Also may contribute to cholesterol metabolism and hormone production.

ZINC – RDA: adults, 15 mg; pregnant women, 30 mg

It is integral to the synthesis of RNA and DNA.  It contributes to bone development and growth, cell respiration, energy metabolism, wound healing, the liver’s ability to remove toxic substances such as alcohol from the body, immune function, and the regulation of heart rate and blood pressure.  It enhances the ability to taste, promotes healthy skin and hair, enhances reproductive functions, and may improve short-term memory and attention span.  It can also be used to treat acne, rheumatoid arthritis, and prostatitis. It can also boost resistance to infection, especially in the elderly, and stimulate wound healing.


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