CAUSES – A localized, painful swelling at the base of the big toe due to new bone formation. The affected toe is often curved outward. Bunions are frequently associated with inflammation of the nearby bursitis and degenerative joint disease osteoarthritis.
TREATMENT – Anti-inflammation medication, such as aspirin, can help to ease inflammation as well as pain. A cold-pack application could be helpful as well. In order to reduce tension on the inner part of the joint of a bunion, stretching exercises are sometimes prescribed. Some doctors may prescribe a bunion splint, which is an orthotic device that is usually worn at night and can provide further relief.
PREVENTION – The best thing one can do is wear properly fitted shoes. High heels and pointed shoes on women are a big factor and should be avoided if possible.